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Balfour Agreement

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At that time, palestinians, who had only been considered “Arab refugees” since 1948, returned to the centre of attention. Resistance to occupation or terrorist acts such as the 1972 Munich Olympics was in the headlines. Sympathy for them grew with the Lebanon War of 1982. But the Israelis were not seriously challenged until 1987, when the first intifada – the Stone War – saw the world confront the Palestinian children of Israel`s armed power. This was followed by Jasser Arafat`s unilateral declaration of Palestinian independence, which paved the way for the 1993 Oslo Accords. Oslo was killed – after the assassination of Yitzchak Rabin – by the expansion of settlements, bad faith, suicide bombings and a second armed intifada that erupted catastrophically after the collapse of the Camp David summit in 2000. Arafat`s death in 2004 was a low point for the Palestinian cause. Little has changed since he succeeded Mahmoud Abbas, although Hamas` takeover of the Gaza Strip in 2007 has been deeply divided. In 2012, when Abbas was granted UN observer status for Palestine, the United Kingdom refused to follow the other 136 countries that had recognized him and was loyal to the United States. The Arab revolt was launched on June 5, 1916 on the basis of the quid pro quo agreement in correspondence.

[71] However, less than three weeks earlier, the governments of the United Kingdom, France and Russia surreptitiously concluded the Sykes-Picot Agreement, which Balfour later described as a “completely new method” for dividing the region, after the 1915 agreement “seems to have been forgotten”. [j] This Anglo-French treaty was negotiated in late 1915 and early 1916 between Sir Mark Sykes and François Georges-Picot, with the primary agreements being drawn up by draft form in a joint memorandum of 5 January 1916. [73] [74] Sykes was a British Conservative MP who had become a position that had a significant influence on British politics in the Middle East, beginning with his seat on the De Bunsen Committee in 1915 and his initiative to create the Arab Office. Picot was a French diplomat and former consul general in Beirut. [75] Their agreement defined the spheres of influence and control proposed in West Asia if the Triple Entente succeeded in defeating the Ottoman Empire during World War I[76] by dividing many Arab territories into British and French-managed territories. In Palestine, an internationalization was proposed[76][77] with the form of administration, which should be confirmed after consultations with Russia and Hussein; [76] The January draft established Christian and Muslim interests, and that “members of the Jewish community around the world have a conscientious and sentimental interest in the future of the country.” [74] [78] [k] These war initiatives, including the declaration, are often viewed jointly by historians, because they are real or imaginative for the incompatibility between them, especially with regard to the disposition of Palestine. [87] In the words of Professor Albert Hourani, founder of the Middle East Centre at St Antony`s College, Oxford: “The argument on the interpretation of these agreements is impossible to put an end to because they should carry more than one interpretation.” [88] Despite Britain`s former agreement with France, which divided influence in the region after the presumed defeat of the Ottoman Empire, Lloyd George had come to consider British rule in Palestine – a land bridge between the crucial regions of India and Egypt – as an essential post-war destination.

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