In the age of sailing, cargo and ships were lost more often than today. This invoice proved that the transportation costs had been paid, but it was above all proof that the cargo was actually on board and therefore became a negotiable title. In this type of transport, the bill of lading assumes two main tasks, such as freight load and title deeds. In line shipping, it starts from a triple identity: ownership, freight transfer and transport contract. In the tramp shipment, the object of this wiki entry, the transport contract is the charter part. [Citation required] In the absence of a written contractual agreement, the rights of the parties depend on legal rules or guarantees or promises that, although explicitly, are part of the relationship between the shipper and the carrier.  A party to the charter for a voyage is a formal agreement between the ship`s owner and the charterers, in which they agree that the vessel is loaded with a particular cargo at a specific location – and the vessel, once loaded, goes directly to a specific place or place to designate at a certain berth.  where the cargo is delivered. The law again impinges on the interpretation of the treaty.
The meaning of the words in the treaty, or, in other words, its construction, where there is a conflict on it, is determined by a judge or a court. The result is that some more or less frequent clauses in freight contracts have been brought to justice, and decisions in these cases are dealt with in practice – even if it does not make sense – as legal norms that determine the importance of certain general expressions in shipping contracts. This legislation, whether it is a common law or a law regulating the obligations of goods by sea, is of the utmost importance in cases where transport is carried out without written consent. It is therefore appropriate to consider the first agreements, written or oral, in which there is no explicit oral or written agreement, except with regard to freight and the destination of goods, and in which, therefore, the rights and obligations of the parties with respect to all other conditions of transport depend entirely on the legislation, while always recalling that the same rules apply if there is a written contract. unless they are qualified or denied by the terms of this contract.  As a result, the AOCs contain very few standardized conditions, with the exception of the specific travel charter conditions, which govern each lifting as soon as the vessel has been tendered for loading. The least standardized part of the contract will be the shipping program and appointment provisions, and it is these provisions that are most maltreated or challenged during the long COA period. The contract law is a branch of general contract law.
The rights and obligations of the shipowner and the carrier depend, as in the case of all contracting parties, on the terms of the agreement reached between them.  Although the COA is not a charter (for a designated vessel), it can be considered a hybrid contract for the price of freight transport. This is still a relatively new development in shipping, and there are still areas where problems may arise because users are not fully familiar with the problem. One problem that may arise is the use of charter parts for each lot, but these charter lots may not cover the COA in points.