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Linas-Marcoussis Agreement

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1. Parts of the Linas-Marcossis-Kléber peace agreement should be saved, including agreements on: (a) the formation of a representative government of national reconciliation; (b) address the issue of awareness and nationality controversies; (c) dealing with land and property issues; (d) the easing of electoral restrictions, including the ability to presidential office; and (e) investigate human rights violations. A peace march was held on 25 March to protest against the blocking of the Marcoussis agreements. Protests have been banned by decree since 18 March and the march has been suppressed by the armed forces: 37 have died according to the government, between 300 and 500 according to Henri Konan Bédié`s PDCI. The crackdown led to the withdrawal of several opposition parties from the government. A UN report on 3 May assessed at least 120 deaths and involved senior government officials. [22] 2. However, the agreement and the agreements that followed have two potentially fatal flaws: the timetable described in the final version of the Linas-Marcoussis agreement has not been respected. Bills in this process have been blocked by the FPI, the Ivorian National Assembly. The conditions of participation in the presidential election have not been verified, with Laurent Gbagbo claiming the right to elect a prime minister, not in accordance with the agreements proposed in Accra. In the face of the political impasse, disarmament began, the beginning of which had not been initiated in mid-October, a fortnight after the constitutional amendments.

Abstract After the Linas-Marcossis-Kléber peace agreement (also known as the Paris Peace Agreement – see annex for a summary), Côte d`Ivoire is once again on the brink of civil war. Concessions made by the Ivorian government during peace talks in Paris have encouraged the rebels. On the other hand, the government itself, the security forces and the political elite, supported by the popular demonstrations in Abidjan, reject the key aspects of the agreement. The key question in Côte d`Ivoire today is whether it is possible to save peace and the progress made in Paris. As a result, the French found themselves in an increasingly uncomfortable situation. Both sides accused France of going out with each other: the loyalists for their protection of the rebels and the non-enforcement of defence agreements with Côte d`Ivoire; rebels, because it prevented the capture of Abidjan. On 25 June, a French soldier was killed in his vehicle by a government soldier near Yamoussoukro. On 4 March 2007, a peace agreement was signed between the government and new forces in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. The new head of the armed forces, Guillaume Soro, was then appointed Prime Minister and took office in early April. [33] On 16 April, in the presence of Gbagbo and Soro, the UN buffer zone between the two sides began to be dismantled and, for the first time, government soldiers and the New Armed Forces marched together.